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armchair

© Geffrye Museum, London: Photograph by Morley von Sternberg

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Windsor armchair with a high 'comb' back and bent arm bow, made from ash with a sycamore seat and with a residue of blue, green and white paint, c.1760.
Object type: armchair
Object number: 502/2005

More Information:

Detailed Description: +/-

Physical Description:
Windsor armchair with a high 'comb' back and bent arm bow, made from ash with a sycamore seat and with residue of blue, green and white paint. The chair has regionally distinctive features including the straight font to the seat and the absence of stretchers between the legs. The spindles are tapered top and bottom and shaped by hand with a drawknife, rather than being turned on a lathe. In common with many chairs from the West Country region this example was painted, and shows residues of dark paint over layers of green, blue and white.

NB Left rear leg has been replaced

Data recorded by Dr Bernard Cotton prior to 2004:
Comb back Windsor arm chair with a bent arm bow & with 2 cleft & bent front underarm sections.
straight front to seat; comb rail has hatchet shaped ends; elliptical hand-shaped spindles
Chair back: high comb back Windsor with 8 elliptical hand-shaped spindles supporting comb rail with hatchet shaped ends; 2 cleft & bent outer back braces
Front legs: plain turned legs
Back legs: plain turned legs
Feet: continuous with leg
Stretcher detail: no stretchers
Arm: bent & flattened arm bow
Underarm supports: 2 cleft & bent front underarm sections; 4 hand-shaped spindles
Seat: legs morticed into seat which is straight on the front
Materials & technique: Painted ash frame with a sycamore seat
Dimensions: Height 107.8cm
Width 69.3cm
Depth 76cm (approx)

History: +/-

Date: c.1760 (manufactured)
Period: Georgian (1714-1837)
Artist/Maker Names: Unknown (manufacturer)
Associated Names Dr Bernard Cotton (Collector)
Place: England (manufactured)
Display Labels:
Label text for the exhibition The English Regional Chair, Geffrye Museum (15 February 2005–7 June 2005):
Windsor armchair, high 'comb' back
Ash with sycamore seat, c.1760
This is an early form of West Country Windsor chair, with a comb shaped back and crook-shaped underarm supports. Although similar to Thames Valley Windsors of the same period, the regionally distinctive features here include the straight font to the seat and the absence of stretchers between the legs. A further characteristic of West Country Windsors is that the spindles in the back are often tapered top and bottom and are shaped by hand with a drawknife, rather than being turned on a lathe. In common with many chairs from this region this example was painted, and shows residues of dark paint over layers of green, blue and white.
Cotton Collection (SW43).
References:
Bernard D. Cotton, The English Regional Chair (Woodbridge: Antique Collectors' Club, 2001)

Subject/Content: +/-

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